Better Migration Management Programme (BMM)





BMM is a regional, multi-year, multi-partner programme co-funded by the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It is coordinated by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). IOM, the UN Migration Agency, is one of the implementing partners of the programme alongside the British Council, CIVIPOL, Expertise France, GIZ, Italian Department of Public Security (IDoPS) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).  IOM implements this programme in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda.

The BMM programme aims at improving migration management in the Horn of Africa, notably by supporting partners in the region to better address irregular migration, the smuggling of migrants and the trafficking in human beings.

The intervention logic is based on four components: (1) support for policy and legislative development and harmonization for better migration and border governance; (2) capacity building in the form of training, technical assistance and the provision of appropriate equipment to those implementing migration-related policies; (3) support to the identification, assistance and protection of migrants in need; and (4) awareness-raising with regards to alternative livelihood options, including safe migration.

Uganda joined the BMM in 2018, following key government consultations, after becoming an official member of the Khartoum Process ( In Uganda, IOM is responsible for the implementation of specific actions aiming to support the Government of Uganda in strengthening migration management, reinforcing labor migration and protection of migrant workers while contributing to tackling Trafficking in Persons.


National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM)

Upholding a whole-of-government approach to migration, IOM Uganda, with the support of the BMM,  has strengthened coordination between migration stakeholders by providing support to the National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM), through the support to the Office of the Prime Minister, chair of the NCM.

Presented by government stakeholders and non-state actors, the NCM was established in 2015 to address current and emerging migration issues. IOM provides regular thematic trainings on migration management for the members of NCM and facilitates its quarterly coordination meetings.

In February 2019, IOM supported a benchmarking mission of NCM representatives to Kenya where the representatives met with their NCM counterparts in Kenya and discussed modalities to improve coordination between the two entities. 

Besides capacity building and technical support, IOM Uganda, funded by the BMM programme, provides policy development support to the NCM, notably by supporting the institution incorporating the Global Compact for Migration into their policy frameworks and developing the new phase of the National Development Plan.


Migration Data

Acknowledging the centrality of verifiable and disaggregated data to well-formulated migration policies, IOM Uganda has strived to secure a reliable channel for migration data collection. In 2018-2019, IOM Uganda operationalized nine Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo. The collected mobility data will be used to produce analysis on the migration patterns and inform IOM and other humanitarian partners on trends, needs and vulnerabilities. Recently, IOM hosted a training for members of National Coordination Mechanism for Migration on migration and data to impress upon the centrality of accurate data to well-formulated migration policies and further strengthen the capacity of government stakeholders.


Labour Migration

IOM Uganda continues to support the Government of Uganda in addressing the needs of the externalization of labor and protection of migrant workers. IOM, with the support of the BMM, has supported fact-finding and dialogue missions by Ugandan authorities to Jordan, Dubai, the Emirates, and the Philippines in order to assess the current status quo of Ugandan diaspora populations; promote dialogue on the protection of migrant workers’ rights and discuss the establishment of bilateral agreements.  

Through the BMM programme, IOM is supporting the revision of the Employment (Recruitment of Ugandan Migrant Workers Abroad) Regulations of 2005. The Regulations concern the recruitment of Ugandan migrant workers abroad, and the revision aimed at better reflecting current labor migration realities on the Regulations and improving protection measures for the Diaspora populations. Furthermore, IOM Uganda is supporting the dissemination of pre-departure information booklets to migrant workers in order to increase their awareness on trafficking issues, prevention from abuse and exploitation and migrant workers’ rights.  


Immigration and Border Management (IBM)

One of IOM’s priorities in Uganda is to support the Government of Uganda in strengthening its border management capacity and infrastructures. To this end, IOM Uganda has been a long-standing partner of the Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control (DCIC). One of IOM Uganda’s major contribution to the country’s border management system is the setting up of the Migration Information and Data Analysis System (MIDAS), an IOM-developed border management information system which now operates in eight land border crossing points.

One important mission for IOM’s IBM activities is to further build the capacities of government counterparts. IOM Uganda has provided trainings for front-line immigration officers on the use of MIDAS and is organizing a training scheme on Humanitarian Border Management and counter-trafficking for border management officials. Furthermore, it has organized a benchmarking trip of senior immigration officers to Ghana Immigration Service to enable our counterparts incorporate international best practices into their border management apparatus. Moreover, to enhance cross-border coordination, IOM Uganda is supporting the joint mission to the One-Stop Border Post (OSBP) for South Sudanese and Ugandan border officials. 

As part of the BMM programme, IOM is continuing the logistical support to the Immigration Training Academy, which was established by IOM and handed over to the Government of Uganda in 2016.



IOM supports the Coordination Office for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons (COPTIP) chaired by the Ministry of Internal Affairs through various platforms. One important aspect of IOM’s counter-trafficking interventions is capacity building. IOM provides counter-trafficking trainings to first responders including border officials, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), and local authorities in refugee-receiving districts. Furthermore, for the protection of vulnerable migrants, IOM Uganda supports the establishment of a National Referral Mechanism (NRM) in Uganda, carries out sensitization on human trafficking, and provides trainings on victim assistance for shelter providers.

IOM also provides support in policy development to the COPTIP by supporting the review of the current National Action Plan (NAP) and the elaboration of the new NAP 2019-2023.


For more information please contact:

Erika De Bona Fofana, IOM :

Jesca Angida, IOM:

 EUTF BMM website

General BMM factsheet